Verses for Introspection

Shloka 83 bahyaanusandhih

Ma Gurupriya

  • Shloka 83 bahyaanusandhih

    Ma Gurupriya

Leave The Thought of External Objects

बाह्यानुसन्धिः परिवर्धयेत्फलं
दुर्वासनामेव ततस्ततोऽधिकाम् ।
ज्ञात्वा विवेकैः परिहृत्य बाह्यं
स्वात्मानुसन्धिं विदधीत नित्यम् ॥
-विवेकचूडामणिः ३३४

Bāhyānusandhi: parivardhayetphalaṃ
Durvāsanāmeva tatastato’dhikām |
Jñātvā vivekai: parihṛtya bāhyaṃ
Svātmānusandhiṃ vidadhīta nityam ||
-Vivekacūḍāmaṇi: 334


Contemplation upon the external worldly objects and situations only intensifies clinging to our desires which finally lead to more and more misery. Knowing this, through discrimination, one should leave the thoughts of external objects and ceaselessly apply oneself to the contemplation upon the real Self.

Points for Introspection

The real identity of man in essence is, he is the changeless, eternal and imperishable Self. The Self reveals itself in a vey pure and calm mind. If we look into a vessel of absolutely pure and undisturbed water, we will be able to see our face clearly. We will also see clearly any object kept at the bottom of the vessel. However, if the water is muddy or there are ripples on the surface, we will no longer be able to see our face or the object distinctly. Similarly, the Self reveals itself in a pure and calm mind.

So, the question is, how to make the mind calm and tranquil?

If we introspect, we will find that the root cause of our mind’s agitations is unending desires and expectations. The desires may be related to wealth, wife, children, house, fame, etc. The expectations revolve around getting good behaviour from others, being loved by everybody, being understood or appreciated, and so on. Whenever we do not get what we desire, the mind becomes intensely agitated. Even though we are essentially the imperishable, changeless Soul, we are not able to realize our own Self, as long as the mind remains impure and agitated by desires or expectation.

The nature of the mind is to run always outward towards the various objects of the world seeking happiness from them. However, the objects themselves being perishable, cannot provide permanent happiness. Dwelling in one’s own Self alone, can one attain unbroken happiness and joy.

This shloka emphasizes that an eager seeker must discriminate between the effects of dwelling upon the changeful external objects and the changeless Inner Self. By applying discrimination (viveka), he must realize how by dwelling in the external objects, the mind becomes a victim of desires which eventually results in sorrow after sorrow. Having realized this truth, he must reject firmly the thoughts of desire producing external objects. Instead, he must contemplate unbrokenly on the thought of the Self which alone bestows eternal joy. Quite frequently, the mind may wander off from the thought of the Self. But a true seeker must apply his discrimination to bring back the mind inward on the Self again and again.

Repeated chanting of this shloka will generate firm conviction that a seeker of Self-realization must sincerely practice withdrawal from the thoughts of perishable external objects and constantly dwell upon the thoughts of the imperishable Self.

Word Meaning

बाह्यानुसन्धिः (bāhyānusandhi:) = contemplation upon the external objects and situations; परिवर्धयेत् (parivardhayet) = will intensify; फलं (phalaṃ) = fruit; दुर्वासनां (durvāsanāṃ) = desires leading to suffering ; एव (eva) = only; ततस्ततः अधिकाम् (tatastata: adhikām) = will enhance more and more; ज्ञात्वा (jñātvā) = knowing; विवेकैः (vivekai:) = through discrimination; परिहृत्य(parihṛtya) = by giving up; बाह्यं (bāhyaṃ) = external objects and situations; स्वात्मानुसन्धिं (svātmānusandhiṃ) = contemplation upon the real Self; विदधीत (vidadhīta) = apply; नित्यम् (nityam) = always;


बाह्यानुसन्धिः ततस्ततः अधिकां दुर्वासनां एव फलं परिवर्धयेत् । (एतत्) ज्ञात्वा विवेकैः बाह्यं परिहृत्य नित्यं स्वात्मानुसन्धिं विदधीत ।

bāhyānusandhi: tatastata: adhikāṃ durvāsanām eva phalaṃ parivardhayet. (etat) jñātvā vivekai: bāhyaṃ parihṛtya nityam svātmānusandhiṃ vidadhīta.

Verses for Introspection

Shloka 83 bahyaanusandhih

Ma Gurupriya

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